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San Diego, California, September 24 to 27, 2008

Honeybee AIDS:
Why the life of honeybees is crucial for our health
and for the survival of the human species

By Roberto Giraldo, MD1



(1) Introduction
(2) Problem Description
(3) Importance of honeybees for human life
(4) Symptoms of the Colony Collapse Disorder
(5) Causes of the Colony Collapse Disorder
(6) “The honeybee AIDS virus"
(7) AIDS in other animals
(8) AIDS in plants
(9) AIDS in humans, rather than infectious, is a toxic and nutritional disease
(10) Why does AIDS occur in humans, animals and plants?
(11) How can we save the bees and the planet?
(12) References


(1) Introduction

In 2006 it was found that honeybees were suffering from immune deficiency globally (1,2). There were several international reports on “Bee AIDS." However, soon after, they changed the name of this new acquired immune deficiency that is affecting bees, to “Colony Collapse Disorder" (CCD) (3). Whatever the name, this serious disease of honeybees is another terrible consequence of our destruction of the world!

(2) Problem Description.

Honeybees were imported to America from Europe 400 years ago. They are “the most complex and well organized society in the animal kingdom" (4). However, by October of 2006 honeybee keepers in the United States noticed a sudden decline in the number of their bee colonies. Suddenly and inexplicably they found their hives empty! (3).

Interestingly, in the United States, each year more than 2.4 million bee colonies are rented for crop pollination. They travel year-round all over the country. Migratory beekeeping has become widespread in America since U.S. beekeeper Nephi Miller first began moving his hives to different areas of the country in the winter of 1908.

In the 1990s bee colony losses were reported at 15% to 20% a year, but they started rising and by 2006 and 2007 loss rates were unprecedented; beekeepers noticed loss rates of 30% to 90%. By October 2006 the new honeybee disease was already present in North America, Europe, Asia, Central and South America. In the United States, at the end of 2006, 40% of bee hives had already collapsed (3,4).

A year later, in August 2007, a commission of the Congress of the United States reported that 35 states of the American Union were already affected by the problem and more than 50% of beekeepers reported CCD (3).

(3) Importance of honeybees for human life.

Agricultural crops cannot survive without pollination!

Wind Pollination, called

self-pollination within a single plant and

 cross-pollination between plants of the same species, is important to wheat, corn and rice crops.

On the other hand, animal pollination, by

 birds, bats and insects, including bees, is crucial to most agricultural crops. About a third of human food crops require bee pollination (3,4).

Honeybees are “the most economically valuable pollinators of agricultural crops worldwide" (4).

In the United States alone, bee pollination is responsible for 50% of the American diet. It costs about

US $15 billion, annually. In this country there are a total of 2.4 million bee colonies used for agriculture, and each year more than 2 million bee colonies are rented for crop pollination. The fees paid per rented bee colony for crop pollination have been increasing thus: 1990 US $35.00, 2005 US $75.00, 2007 US $150.00 and 2008 US $180.00. In the U.S. beekeepers collectively earn much more from renting their bees out for crop pollination than they do from honey production (3-5).

The following crops require 90% to 100% bee pollination: apples, avocados, blueberries, cranberries, cherries, kiwi, cantaloupe, squash, pumpkin, macadamia, almonds, sunflower, asparagus, onions, broccoli, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers and clover to feed cows, sheep, goats, and horses.

The following crops require 20% to 80% bee pollination: oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruit, tangerines, peaches, pears, apricot, nectarines, plums, grapes, strawberries, olives, watermelon, honeydew, soybeans, peanuts, c

otton, alfalfa, and sugar beets.

Therefore, the decline in bee colonies will not only increment the agricultural food crisis, but the meat, dairy products and clothing crisis. Food and clothing prices will be in the stratosphere.

"People who were afraid when they saw a bee, are now afraid when they do not see one" (4).

(4) Symptoms of the Colony Collapse Disorder (1-4).

- Bees fail to return to the hive and are found dead nearby or far from the hives

- Memory loss

- Cannot learn

- Queen remains healthy in the hive

- Guts of bees have been found with several new viruses, bacteria and fungi, which occur only under immunosupression. This was the reason for initially naming the new condition “Bee AIDS."

The question should then be: Why are honeybees suffering AIDS now?

(5) Causes of the Colony Collapse Disorder.

Researchers from various North American and European universities describe the following causes (3-8):

• New parasitic mites

• Poor nutrition. For months honeybee hives are forced to feed on one product. For example, almonds in California and then blueberries in Main

• Genetically engineered pollen-free plants

• Plant diseases that reduce nectar

• Accumulated stress due to overcrowding

• Transportation stress. In the United States honeybee hives travel an average of 55,000 miles each year

• Cellular phones

• Global warming

• Agrochemicals

• Pesticides

• Insecticides for mites

• Fungicides

• New viruses that attack the immune system of bees (“Bee AIDS"). An AIDS-like virus (IAPV).

In recent decades there has been a significant increment in the use of a great variety of agrochemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides, and i

nsecticides. Researchers have found 46 different pesticides in pollen and other bee products (6,8)

The most common insecticides used today include: neonicotenoids, cothianidin, thiamethoxam, and i

 midacloprid. This last one has been demonstrated to affect bee flight, navigation, olfactory memory, recruitment, foraging and bee coordination (3,4,8).

Interestingly, several universities have been able to reproduce CCD simply by placing cellular phones close to the hives (7).

Many believe that the cause of the CCD could be a combination of several factors, all man made.

However, the report of the Congress of the United States of America concluded that: “The cause of the CCD remains largely unknown" (3).

Interestingly, all other pollinator animals are also disappearing, such as bumblebees, butterflies, moths, beetles, flies, hummingbirds, and bats (4).

(6) “The honeybee AIDS virus."

Investigators from the laboratory of Bee Research of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Pensylvania State Department of Agriculture, the University of Columbia and Pennsylvania State University, reported in September 2007  finding a new virus in most (96%)  dead bees suffering from CCD (9,10).

The investigations carried out at Pennsylvania State University were done with a grant from Haagen-Daz, which has been very concerned about CCD since 90% of its ice cream flavors derive from fruits that require bee pollination (6,9,10).

The “new virus" reported by the above institutions was discovered in Israel in 2004 and has been named “Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus" (IAPV). Interestingly, this virus has never been isolated and purified in cell cultures. Its existence has been defined by genetic testing rather than by means of classical virology. It is therefore probable that IAPV is a phantom virus like the “AIDS virus" HIV and the hepatitis C virus (6,9,10).

American “scientists" are currently speculating that IAPV was imported to the USA in Australian bees, are defining measures to avoid its “transmission" and are already trying to breed IAPV-resistant bees (6,9,10).

However, some researchers believe that IAPV could be an effect of the CCD rather than the cause of it.

The Brazilian scientist Dr. Norberto R. Keppe has demonstrated that envy, megalomania and narcissism in human beings turn everything upside down (11,12).  This is why consequences are seen as causes and vice versa. To see IAPV as the cause of CCD is just an inversion. Also, we reject seeing our own psychopatholy (censorship) and prefer projecting on others our own faults and errors. CCD is a consequence of our destruction of the world. However, we prefer blaming it on microbes, in this case IAPV (projection).

Furthermore, scientists today are aprioristic and “discover" what they already have fixed in their minds (12). They decided in advance that CCD had to be an infectious disease and in this manner forced research on that track. This is why they have no   need to actually see a virus, to isolate a virus as was the rule in classical virology. By “genetic testing," if they see what they believe is the DNA or RNA of the virus, they feel that they have the virus itself. It seems that the mistakes made with AIDS, hepatitis C, and other viruses are now being repeated with CCD (13).

(7) AIDS in other animals.

Every day there are new reports about acquired immune deficiency (AIDS) affecting different species of animals. The following animals have been confirmed recently as suffering different degrees of immune deficiency: dolphins, whales (beluga), seals, sea lions, Atlantic sharks, coral reefs, sea sponges, salmon, iguanas, lizards, turtles, Great Lakes birds, albatrosses, vultures, moose, Polar bears, horses, foals, snails, frogs and other amphibians, and Yangtze dolphins (13).

A scientific report on these matters warns: “Everything is dying."

Dr. Juán Sanz from Bilbao, Spain warns that “by year 2050, 37% of actual animal species will be extinct"

(8) AIDS in plants.

Also, in recent decades there has been an increment of viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and tumor diseases in many trees and agricultural crops. This is a consequence of alterations in the defense mechanisms of plants: immune deficiency (13).

In 1990 New Scientist warmed: “Acid rain will cost Europe 118 million cubic meters of wood (US $40 billion)."

In 2004 a report from the University of Texas warned of “serious nutrient decline in garden crops (vegetables, melons, strawberries, etc) over the past 50 years."

In 2004 Dr. Juán Sanz from Bilbao, Spain warned that “by 2050 15% of actual  plant species will have dissappeared".

Due to human madness, the defense mechanisms of all plants are being poisoned by chemicals, electromagnetic fields and radiation (13).

(9) AIDS in humans, rather than infectious, is a toxic and nutritional disease.

Since 1987, there has been a scientific debate about the causes and solutions of AIDS. There is a growing group of doctors and scientists from more than 75 countries who have arguments demonstrating that AIDS is neither an infectious disease nor contagious, and is not sexually transmitted (14-37). We are facing one of the biggest scandals in the history of science and medicine. This debate suffers great censorship from the U.S. government, the World Health Organization, UNAIDS, the pharmaceutical companies and the media. More information on this polemic can be found at:


Rather than being infectious, viral and sexually transmitted, AIDS is a toxic and nutritional syndrome caused by the alarming worldwide increment of immunological stressor agents, which can have chemical, physical, biological, nutritional and mental origins (13). These agents are distributed variously within the groups of people who are, most frequently, developing AIDS today.

HIV is neither necessary, nor sufficient, nor does it always precede the development of the syndrome. This is demonstrated by the thousands of cases of AIDS that are “HIV-negative," as well as by the multitude of healthy people who never develop AIDS despite being “HIV-positive." In addition, there are many individuals who first develop immunodeficiency, and, only after that, become “HIV-positive," which indicates that the phenomenon known as HIV, rather than being the cause of AIDS, is itself an effect or consequence of the syndrome’s pathogenesis (13).

HIV does not exist! It has never been isolated and purified as has been done with all other genuine viruses (14,27,37).

Since it has never been demonstrated that the phenomenon known as HIV either destroys the immune system or causes AIDS, researchers who enthusiastically advocate HIV as the cause of the syndrome offer a wide range of agents as cofactors, or HIV-helpers, in the genesis of AIDS. However, these “cofactors" are by themselves immunosuppressive and the repeated, multiple and chronic exposure to a variety of them generates AIDS, either in the presence or absence of a positive or reactive “HIV-test." This is why I prefer calling these “cofactors" immunological stressor agents (13,37).

Following are some of the immunosuppressive agents that have been reported as “cofactors of HIV" (immunological stressor agents): alcohol, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, cigarette smoking, amphetamines, volatile nitrites (the so-called “poppers"), chemical contaminants in the environment, allergens, cytomegalovirus, herpes virus types 1, 2 and 6, shingles, Epstein Barr virus, adenovirus, other retroviruses, hepatitis viruses A, B, and C, papovavirus, mycoplasma and other superantigens, tuberculosis, leprosy, malaria, trypanosomiasis, filariasis, genuine   sexually transmitted diseases, semen, factor VIII, fear, anxiety, depression, panic, insomnia, lack of sleep, extreme exercise, poor sanitation, poverty, malnutrition, and vitamin and antioxidant deficiencies (13,37).

The genuinely new circumstances surrounding all groups of people who most often develop AIDS are their exaggerated exposure, in recent decades, to this variety of immunological stressor agents or toxicants (13,37).

For example, the novel circumstance that affected some sections of the gay communities in industrialized countries was the use of psychoactive drugs and aphrodisiacs that started in the 1970s. In these developed countries, children who are born with AIDS are born to mothers exposed during pregnancy to psychoactive drugs and other stressor agents. By contrast, in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean the new circumstances are the unacceptable levels of poverty to which their inhabitants have been subjected for many decades. Never before has there been so much poverty so widespread among so many while so much wealth is so concentrated in the hands of so few. In these underdeveloped countries poverty and all its consequences, such as malnutrition, lack of clean water, poor sewage and garbage disposal, infections and parasites, and the lack of hope for a better tomorrow, are major risk factors for AIDS (13,37).

Immunological stressor agents vary, therefore, from person to person, from risk group to risk group, from country to country, and from continent to continent.

Coincidentally, AIDS appeared in different and distant groups of people in the second half of the twentieth century, at a time when the immune systems of humans was already saturated and had seriously deteriorated due to multiple, repeated and chronic exposures to immunological stressor agents. Exposures can be involuntary, through the living conditions that people are subjected to, and sometimes voluntary, through lifestyle choices (13).

In recent decades, these stressor agents have been steadily increasing, both in quantity and variety, across the globe. The capabilities of the immune system are neither infallible nor infinite. They have limits. AIDS is the worst state of deterioration that the immune system of people can reach. In AIDS not only the immune system but all other body systems are severely damaged. AIDS therefore inaugurates a new epoch in the history of human diseases. The increase in immunological stressor agents in the human ecosystem is seriously endangering the preservation of our species (13). This new human syndrome is one of the terrible consequences of the destruction that we are causing to earth, due to our own psychopathology. AIDS is an alarm bell! What is worse is that the mistaken belief in HIV blinds us from seeing this grave human situation.

Seropositive individuals are not infected with “HIV", they are just more intoxicated, oxidized, weakened and therefore, have a higher risk for developing AIDS and many other diseases (37).

The so-called HIV tests — ELISA, Western blot, Viral Load — are neither sensitive nor specific for detecting past or recent infection with HIV (37).

Working closely with seropositive individuals from Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and Lain America brought me to the conclusion that to become seropositive, besides being exposed — generally for long periods of time — to a variety of external immunological stressor agents or toxicants, the person also has to have a specific type of personality, a conclusion which is in agreement with the psychosomatic origin of all diseases, elegantly proposed by professor Norberto Keppe and his group of scientists in São Paulo, Brazil (11,12). Specific psychopathology is always needed for the developing of any human illness, from a simple common cold to cancer and AIDS. This applies to both organic and mental illnesses. Keppe explains clearly that social pathologies are also the results of the psychopatology of people, especially those with power (11,12).

Seropositive individuals generally are very unsatisfied with their lives; they are depressive, often paranoid and choose a self-destructive style of life. This is a common denominator in most individuals comprising the groups of people that most often develop seropositivity and AIDS.

(10) Why does AIDS occur  in humans, animals and plants?

It is a direct consequence of our destruction of ourselves and of the world in which we live! (38).

The only way to properly understand this and take the necessary actions is taken from the work of Professor Norberto Keppe, summarized in more that 50 books:


Dr Keppe explains clearly that the origin of all organic, psychic and social illnesses is in our envy, megalomania and narcissism (11,12). 

“The psychic behavior of human beings is completely wrong. It has created an incorrect social organization, which is bringing civilization to destruction" — N. Keppe (38)

We ourselves are destructing the world: “Man is a victim of himself" — N. Keppe

Human beings are destroying everything.

The instruments of our own destruction include:

What on earth are we doing? The future is in our hands!

(11) How can we save the bees and the planet?

Both the capitalist and the socialist ways have failed to save us. The only scientific, philosophical, and theological way is Dr. Keppe's third way (38-48).

Let me just reiterate some basic keppean ideas:

 “Individual illness creates social chaos, and social pathology makes an inferno for human beings"

“The human being has made a pact with grandeur, and the results are disastrous"

“A pathological attitude results in the destruction of good"

“All current sciences are aprioristic, impede development and put humanity in danger"

“The main dogmas of the modern human being are: evolutionism, Freudianism, capitalism or Marxism, and the relativistic physics of Einstein"

“Humans cannot have a balanced life in a society in disequilibrium"

“The more we accept our own errors, the greater our vision of all values becomes, specially our vision of the Supreme Good"

“Life has much greater meaning than we can imagine, because it is Divine"

“Esthetics is what heals our psychic and social diseases"

“The next definitive transformation will be led by those individuals who take honesty as a rule of life"

“I have the feeling that we will need to fight tooth and nail to prevent human and spiritual evils from finishing their job and destroying what remains of civilization"

Bee AIDS is already increasing famine. It is a catastrophe for civilization! We need to act now and with resolve!

We all have an obligation to spread the practical teachings of Dr. Keppe's Analytical Trilogy across the planet!

Let us grasp our errors, let us become conscious of our psychopathology. Right action for ourselves and for others will save the bees and the planet. We cannot afford to lose a moment…

 (12) References.

  1. Barrionuevo Alexi. Honeybees, gone with the wind, leave crops and keepers in peril. The New York Times. Febuary 27, 2007.

  2. Wells Matt. Vanishing bees threaten US crops. March 11, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6438373.stm

  3. Johnson R. Recent Honey Bee Colony Declines. CRS Report for the USA Congress. August 14, 2007.

  4. The Silence of the Bees. New York, NY , Public Television, Channel 13/21. June, 2008. www.pbs.org

  5. Hackenberg David (Fromer President of the American Beekeepers Federation). Letter from Hackenberg to American growers from March 14, 2007.http://www.imkerinnen.at/hauptseite/menues/news/brief%20david%20hackenberg%20307%20engl.doc

  6. Penn State University , College of Agricultural Sciences. Honey Bee die-off alarms beekeepers, crop growers and researchers. http://aginfo.psu.edu/news/07jan/honeybees.htm January 2007.

  7. Independent. Are mobile phones wiping out our bees? htpp://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/are-mobile-phones-eiping-out-our-bees-444768.html

  8. France Government Report claims BAYER's pesticide GAUCHO responsible for bee-deaths. April, 26, 2007. www.cbgnetwork.org/355.html

  9. Refkin AC. Virus is seen as suspect in death of honeybees, The New York Times, September 7, 2007. www.nytimes.com/2007/09/07/cience/07bees.html

  10. Minkel JR. Mysterious honeybee dissappearance linked to rare virus. Science News. Scientific America, September 7, 2007.

  11. Keppe N. The origin of illnesses, psychic, organic and social. Englewood cliffs, New Jersey: Próton Editora Ltda., 2002. www.trilogiaanalitica.org

  12. Keppe N. Sociopatologia: Estudo sobre a patologia social. Bases para a nova civilização do 3o milenio. Segunda Edição. São Paulo: Proton Editora, 2002: 299.

  13. Giraldo RA. AIDS and stressors: AIDS in neither an infectious disease nor is sexually transmitted. It is a toxic-nutritional syndrome caused by the alarming worldwide increment of immunological stressor agents. Medellín, Colombia: Impresos Begón; 1997; 205.

  14. De Harven E. Remarks on methods for retroviral isolation. Continuum (London) 1998; 5(3); 20-21.

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  19. Duesberg PH. AIDS acquired by drug consumption and other noncontagious risk factors. Pharmac Ther 1992; 55:201-277.

  20. Duesberg PH. Can epidemiology determine whether drugs or HIV cause AIDS? AIDS-Forschung 1993; 12: 627-635.

  21. Duesberg PH. Foreign-protein-mediated immunodeficiency in hemophiliacs with and without HIV. Genetica 1995; 95: 51-70.

  22. Duesberg PH. Inventing the AIDS virus. Washington DC: Regnery Publishing Inc. 1996; 722.

  23. Duesberg PH, Rasnick D. The drug-AIDS hypothesis. Continuum (London) 1997; 4(5); S1-S24.

  24. Duesberg PH, Rasnick D. The AIDS dilema. Drug diseases blamed on a passenger virus. Genetica 1998; 104: 85-132.

  25. Duesberg PH, Koehnlein C, Rasnick D. The chemical bases of the various AIDS epidemics: recreational drugs, anti-viral chemotherapy and malnutrition J. Biosci. 2003; 28: 383–412.

  26. Papadopulos-Eleopulos E. Reappraisal of AIDS - Is the oxidation induced by the risk factors the primary cause? Medical Hypothesis 1988; 25: 151-162.

  27. Papadopulos-Eleopulos E, Turner V, Papadimitriou JM. Is a positive Western blot proof of HIV infection ? Bio/Technology 1993; 11: 696-707.

  28. Papadopulos-Eleopulos E, Turner VF, Papadimitriou JM, Causer D. A critical analysis of the HIV-T4-cell AIDS hypothesis.  Genetica 1995; 95: 5-24.

  29. Giraldo RA. AIDS and stressors I: Worldwide rise of  immunological stressors (Abstract). Toxicology Letters Supplement 1/78. 1995: s34.

  30. Giraldo RA. AIDS and stressors II: A proposal for the pathogenesis of AIDS (Abstract). Toxicology Letters Supplement 1/78. 1995: s34.

  31. Giraldo RA. AIDS and stressors III: A proposal for the natural history of AIDS (Abstract). Toxicology Letters Supplement 1/78. 1995: s35.

  32. Giraldo RA. AIDS and stressors IV: The real meaning of HIV  (Abstract). Toxicology Letters Supplement 1/78. 1995: s35. Los resumenes de SIDA y estresantes I, II, III y IV se encuentran publicados en español en "El Pequeño Periódico", publicación de la Fundación Arte y Ciencia, Medellín, Colombia, Marzo de 1996 (46); p. 8-10.

  33. Giraldo RA. Polemica científica internacional acerca de la causa del SIDA. Investigación y Educación en Enfermería (Universidad de Antioquia, Facultad de Enfermería, Colombia) 1996; 14(2); 55-74.

  34. Giraldo RA. Papel de estresantes inmunológicos en la inmunodeficiencia. IATREIA (Universidad de Antioquia, Facultad de Medicina, Colombia) 1997; 10: 62-76.

  35. Giraldo RA. El alarmante incremento mundial de agentes estresantes inmunológicos. En: Ahumada C, Hernandez A, Velasco M. Relaciones internacionakles, política social y salud: Desafios en la era de la globalización. Bogotá: Fundación Cultural Javeriana de Artes Gráficas. 1998; 49-73.

  36. Giraldo RA. Es un virus la verdadera causa del SIDA? Los agentes estresantes inmunologicos podrían ser la verdadera causa del SIDA. Natura Medicatrix 2002; 20: 208-313.

  37. Giraldo RA, de Harven E. HIV tests cannot diagnose HIV infection. Abril de 2006.www.robertogiraldo.com/eng/papers/Farber_Reply_April_2006.htm

  38. Ortiz J, Pacheco C et al. STOP a destruição do mundo. Lisboa: Próton Editora Ltda., 1991. www.stop.org.br

  39. Keppe N. Liberation of the people. The pathology of power.  This is the first scientific study of the psycho-social pathology of people with power – psychotics who are impeding human development and destroy society. If we do not stot them immediately, we will witness the rapid demise of civilization! New York: Próton Publishing Inc., 1986: 390.

  40. Keppe N. Work and capital. London: Proton Publishing Inc.; 1989: 383.

  41. Keppe N. The decay of the American people and of the United States. São Paulo: Proton Editora; 1985: 263.

  42. Keppe N. Trilogical Metaphysics. The Liberation of being. Volume I. Paris: Proton Publishing Inc., 1994: 240.

  43. Keppe N. Libertation. São Paulo: Proton Edi2tora; 1983: 230.

  44. Keppe N. Glorification. São Paulo: Proton Editora; 1981: 245.

  45. Pacheco C. Healing trough consciousness. Theomania: The cause of stress. The revolutionary scientific method that cures both mental and physical illness through dialogues alone – making clinical treatment, medicines and hospitalization unnecessary. São Paulo: Proton Editora Ltda., 1983: 183.

  46. Pacheco C. The ABC of Analytical Trilogy. Integral Psychoanalysis. São Paulo: Proton Publishing Inc. 1988: 220.

  47. Pacheco C. Edited by Richard Jones. Revealing the power of consciousness. Handbook of Analytical Trilogy. São Paulo: Proton Editora; 2005: 182.

  48. Pacheco C. Women on the couch. An analytical female phychopathology. São Paulo: Proton Editora; 1987: 187.

1 Physician, specialist in internal medicine, infectious and tropical diseases. Independent researcher on AIDS since 1981. Member of the Board of Directors of “Rethinking AIDS" the International group of scientists for the reappraising of AIDS. Universities of Antioquia (Colombia), Kansas and Cornell (USA) and London (Great Britain). Trilogical Psychoanalyst from the International Society of Analytical Trilogy, SITA. Department of Integrative Psychosomatic Medicine, SITA, São Paulo Brazil.

Website: www.robertogiraldo.com

Emails: RobGiraldo@aol.com and robertogiraldo@trilogiaanalitica.org


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